Biotechnology is utilizing the sciences of
biology, chemistry, physics, engineering and
information technology to develop tools and
products to apply to living cells/organisms.
Genetic engineering is the study of knowledge
obtained from genetics to alter the
reproduction and hereditary processes of
organisms. It deals in cloning, in-vitro
fertilization, species hybridization or direct
manipulation of the genetic material itself by
the recombinant DNA technique.
Plant Tissue Culture
Functions in the field of in-vitro regeneration
and propagation of plantlets, a Tissue Culture
specialist may also be involved in plant germ
Activities to improve plants by evolving new
horticultural varieties through hybridization,
this work is generally carried out in the
Eligibility & Courses
1. For B. Sc. Courses: Pass in 10+2 with PCM. (Biology)
2. For M. Sc. Courses: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 in Physical,
Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary, Fishery Sciences, Pharmacy,
Engineering, Technology or Medicine (MBBS)
3. For M. Sc. (Agriculture) Biotechnology/M.Sc. Animal Biotechnology:
Bachelor’s degree in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishery, Veterinary
Sciences or Agricultural Engineering.
4. For M Tech Biotechnology : B. Tech degree – in chemical Engineering,
Biochemical Engineering, Industrial Biotech (BE), Leather technology,
Pharmaceutical Technology, Food Technology, B. Pharma, and Dairy
Technology or Master’s Botany, Zoology Bio-chemistry, Microbiology,
Genetics, Physiology, Pharmacology and Biophysics.
All India Biotechnology Entrance Examination
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi conducts the
Combined Entrance examination for admission to
M.Sc./M.Sc. (Agri.)/M.V.Sc.(Animal) Biotech/M. Tech
Biotechnology in association with other universities in
India. Candidates who have done their B. Sc. in
physical, biological, agricultural, veterinary and fishery
sciences, pharmacy, engineering, technology or
medicine can take up this examination.
The Ministry of Science and Technology awards the
Biotechnology Overseas Associateship for advanced
research in molecular biology, microbial genetics, gene
therapy, virology, tissue culture and so on.